Svalbard is a nation led by President Borge Johannessen on the continent of Europe. Svalbard's government is a Social Democracy with very moderate social policies. Economically, Svalbard favors far left wing policies. The official currency of Svalbard is the Gold Standard. At 1,358 days old, Svalbard is an ancient nation. Svalbard has a population of 2,560,775 and a land area of 91,000.00 sq. miles. This gives it a national average population density of 28.14. Pollution in the nation is almost non-existent. The citizens' faith in the government is at an all-time high with an approval rating of 100%.
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|Leader Name:||Borge Johannessen|
|Land Area:||146,449.94 sq. km|
|Terrain:||An island from 74° to 81° north latitude, and from 10° to 35° east longitude.|
Since Svalbard is located north of the Arctic Circle it experiences midnight sun in summer and polar night in winter. At 74° north, the midnight sun lasts 99 days and polar night 84 days, while the respective figures at 81° are 141 and 128 days. In Longyearbyen, midnight sun lasts from 20 April until 23 August, and polar night lasts from 26 October to 15 February. In winter, the combination of full moon and reflective snow can give additional light.
Glacial ice covers 60% of Svalbard; 30% is barren rock while 10% is vegetated.
The landforms of Svalbard were created through repeated ice ages, when glaciers cut the former plateau into fjords, valleys and mountains. The tallest peak is Newtontoppen (1,717 m or 5,633 ft), followed by Perriertoppen (1,712 m or 5,617 ft), Ceresfjellet (1,675 m or 5,495 ft), Chadwickryggen (1,640 m or 5,380 ft) and Galileotoppen (1,637 m or 5,371 ft). The longest fjord is Wijdefjorden (108 km or 67 mi), followed by Isfjorden (107 km or 66 mi), Van Mijenfjorden (83 km or 52 mi), Woodfjorden (64 km or 40 mi) and Wahlenbergfjorden (46 km or 29 mi). Svalbard is part of the High Arctic Large Igneous Province, and experienced Norway's strongest earthquake on 6 March 2009, which hit 6.5 on the Richter scale.
|Highest Peak:||Newtontoppen, 1,717 meters|
|Lowest Valley:||Arctic Ocean, 0 meters|
|Climate:||The climate of Svalbard is dominated by its high latitude, with the average summer temperature at 4 to 6 °C (39 to 43 °F) and January averages at −16 to −12 °C (3 to 10 °F). The West Spitsbergen Current, the northernmost branch of the North Atlantic Current system, moderates Svalbard's temperatures, particularly during winter. Winter temperatures in Svalbard are up to 20 °C (36 °F) higher than similar latitudes in Russia and Canada. The warm Atlantic water keeps the surrounding waters open and navigable most of the year. The interior fjord areas and valleys, sheltered by the mountains, have larger temperature differences than the coast, giving about 2 °C (4 °F) warmer summer temperatures and 3 °C (5 °F) colder winter temperatures. On the south of Spitsbergen, the temperature is slightly higher than further north and west. During winter, the temperature difference between south and north is typically 5 °C (9 °F), and about 3 °C (5 °F) in summer. Bear Island has average temperatures even higher than the rest of the archipelago.|
Svalbard is where cold polar air from the north and mild, wet sea air from the south meet, creating low pressure, changeable weather and strong winds, particularly in winter; in January, a strong breeze is registered 17% of the time at Isfjord Radio, but only 1% of the time in July. In summer, particularly away from land, fog is common, with visibility under 1 kilometre (0.6 mi) registered 20% of the time in July and 1% of the time in January, at Hopen and Bjørnøya. Precipitation is frequent, but falls in small quantities, typically less than 400 millimetres (16 in) per year in western Spitsbergen. More rain falls on the uninhabited east side, where there can be more than 1,000 millimetres (39 in).
|People & Society|
|Ethnic Groups:||Caucasian - 100.0%|
|Languages:||Norwegian - 100.0%|
English - 78.0%
|Religions:||Atheism - 76.1%|
Protestantism - 20.1%
Catholicism - 3.8%
|Life Expectancy:||83 years|
|Hard Drug Users:||0.1%|
|Average Yearly Income:||$186.66|
|GDP per Capita:||$1,500.91|
|Industries:||The three main industries on Svalbard are coal mining, tourism and research.|
|Last Updated: 10/03/2016 08:50 am|