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Government Type

Government type is the system of governance used in a given nation.

Government Types


Absolute Monarchy: A form of government where the monarch exercises ultimate governing authority as head of state and head of government.

Anarchy: A society without a publicly enforced government or political authority. Sometimes said to be non-governance; it is a structure which strives for non-hierarchical voluntary associations among agents.

Aristocracy: A form of government that places power in the hands of a small, privileged ruling class.

Banana Republic: A form of government controlled by wealthy individuals that traditionally generate there revenue through state sponsored industry, typically relying on one particular good for export or sale.

Communist Democracy: A form of government that embodies participatory Democracy with the ideals of Communism.

Communist Dictatorship: A form of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single, often authoritarian party holds power, claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people.

Communist Monarchy: A form of government that is governed by a Monarch with Communist principles.

Communist Theocracy: A form of government that incorporates religious principles with the ideology of Communism.

Constitutional Monarchy: A form of government where the monarch's powers are limited by law or by a formal constitution, usually assigning them to those of the head of state.

Constitutional Republic: A form of government whose powers are limited by law or a formal constitution, and chosen by a vote among at least some sections of the populace.

Demarchy: A form of government in which the state is governed by randomly selected decision makers who have been selected by a lottery from a broadly inclusive pool of eligible citizens.

Democracy: A form of government where leaders are chosen by election where most of the populace are enfranchised. Also, in a general sense, all the people of a state or polity are involved in making decisions about its affairs.

Democratic Republic: A form of government where the country is represented by officials who are directly or indirectly elected or appointed, and all citizens have equal say in who is elected.

Democratic Socialism: A form of government that advocates political democracy alongside social ownership of the means of production, often with an emphasis on democratic management of enterprises within a socialist economic system.

Dictatorship: A form of government in which absolute power is exercised by a single leader generally called a dictator.

Fascism: A form of government that follows an authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization. It can be ruled by a single leader or a group.

Federal Republic: A federal union of states or provinces with a republican form of government.

Military Dictatorship: An autocratic form of government in which military leaders govern the state.

Noocracy: A social and political system where the smartest individuals in a society are placed in charge of the state.

Oligarchy: A form of government where the country is ruled by a small number of people.

Parliamentary Democracy: A form of government in which the party (or a coalition of parties) with the greatest representation in the parliament (legislature) forms the government.

Parliamentary Republic: A republic, with an elected head of state, but where the head of state and head of government are kept separate with the head of government retaining most executive powers, or a head of state akin to a head of government, elected by a parliament.

People's Republic: A false republic in which citizens are granted the right to vote, but the government rigs elections and the state maintains strong control over society.

Republic: A form of government in which the people, or some significant portion of them, have supreme control over the government and where offices of state are elected or chosen by elected people.

Social Democracy: A form of government that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a capitalist economy.

Socialist Dictatorship: A form of government that follows socialist ideas but rejects the democratic concepts of multi-party politics, freedom of assembly, and freedom of expression.

Socialist Republic: A form of government where the country is meant to be governed for and by the people, but with no direct elections.

Socialist Theocracy: A form of government where religious and socialist principles form the basis of the government

Soviet Republic: A form of government in which the whole state power belongs to the soviets (workers' councils)

Stratocracy: A form of government where the country is ruled by military service; a system of governance composed of military government in which the state and the military are traditionally and/or constitutionally the same entity.

Totalitarian Democracy: A form of government in which lawfully elected representatives to maintain the integrity of a nation state whose citizens, while granted the right to vote, have little or no participation in the decision-making process of the government.

Theocracy: A form of government where the country is ruled by a religious elite; a system of governance composed of religious institutions in which the state and the church are traditionally and/or constitutionally the same entity.

Theocratic Democracy: A form of government where the country is governed in accordance with religious law but with democratic principles.

Theocratic Republic: Republics governed in accordance with religious law.

Article by Stefan Thorne.


Category: Nation